Each child has a unique set of sensory needs. Generally, a child is hyperactive needs movement and stimulation that includes "heavy work" as well as other sensory stimulation to bring her back to a calmer, more focused state so she is not running around seeking out sensations her body craves. A sensory diet helps her meet her sensory needs safely, in a way that is socially appropriate. A child who commonly is a sensory avoider and underactive may be overwhelmed by stressful sensory input. She too needs calming, focusing input as well as breaks from distressing sounds, tactile stimulation, and so on. A pediatric occupational therapist trained and skilled in working with children with sensory issues can observe, evaluate, and work with your child to help you develop a custom sensory diet for your child. However, it’s up to you and your child to implement the sensory diet every day and be alert to signs that the sensory diet may need adjusting because your child isn't functioning well. The goal for your child to be focused and alert throughout the day, and not to become overanxious or shut down when faced with sensations that are stressful for her. With a sensory diet, she can experience good self-regulation of mood and energy and focus, and smooth transitions from one activity to another.
The effects of a sensory diet are usually immediate AND cumulative. Activities that perk up your child or calm him down are not only effective in the moment; they actually help to restructure your child’s nervous system over time so that he is better able to:
Creating a Sensory Diet With or Without the Help of an OT
Ideally, in creating a sensory diet, you work with a sensory smart occupational therapist who is skilled and experienced at working with sensory processing issues. (Note that an OT who has only worked with young children may be challenged by working with teens or adults.) If you can't work with a sensory smart OT or at least consult with one, you can set up a sensory diet for your child yourself. You probably already do it to some degree simply because you have learned some tricks that work! You’ll find many sensory diet ideas and accommodations for children, or teens, with SPD and/or autism in the award-winning Raising a Sensory Smart Child that can help you and your OT create the best sensory diet for your son or daughter. One of the trickiest aspects of SPD is recognizing when a child is overreactive or underreactive in any given moment, and then adjusting sensory input so that he doesn’t experience “sensory overload.” Melting down or shutting down is stressful for the child, not just for those around her! The goal is to provide a “just right challenge” to help her get out of her comfort zone and tolerate a wider variety of input, and engage in sensory diet activities that are helpful for her, without pushing her too hard. Sometimes, kids are more willing to push themselves if they're coaxed by someone other than a parent, which is why a sensory smart OT can be an invaluable partner for you. Raising a Sensory Smart Child, which includes the Sensory Checklist you can print here, is geared toward building your “sensory smarts” so that you can better help your child whether or not you are able to access and work with a sensory smart OT.
What age is the person you and your OT are planning a sensory diet for? Choose one of the age groups below to discover some appropriate sensory diet activities.
A good sensory diet takes into account all the senses that are involved in sensory processing disorder. There are 7 of them: Do you know what they are? Click here for more information on the 7 (yes, 7!) senses.
CLICK HERE to find a sensory smart occupational therapist.
Click Here to look at a sample sensory diet.
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